Kursk è ispirato all’angosciante storia vera del K-141 Kursk, il sottomarino russo a propulsione nucleare che affondò nel Mare di Barents nell’agosto del 2000. [27] Kursk's crew had no experience with HTP-powered torpedoes and had not been trained in handling or firing HTP-powered torpedoes. The submarine was armed with 24 SS-N-19/P-700 Granit cruise missiles, and eight torpedo tubes in the bow: four 533 mm (21 in) and four 650 mm (26 in). In realtà i siluri standard come il Mark 48 sono progettati per esplodere in prossimità dello scafo, non essendo in grado di penetrarlo e quindi impossibilitati a fare "fori circolari". He cited inadequate training, poor maintenance, and incomplete inspections that caused the crew to mishandle the weapon. The investigation showed that some men temporarily survived the fire by plunging under water, as fire marks on the bulkheads indicated the water was at waist level at the time. Una seconda esplosione avvenne all'interno dello scafo 135 secondi dopo la prima, con una potenza esplosiva compresa tra le 3 e le 7 tonnellate di TNT. [5][6], The outer hull, made of high-nickel, high-chromium stainless steel 8.5 mm (0.33 in) thick, had exceptionally good resistance to corrosion and a weak magnetic signature which helped prevent detection by U.S. magnetic anomaly detector (MAD) systems. Project 210, Project 10831[4] or AS-31[4][5] (Russian: АС-31), nicknamed Losharik (Russian: Лошарик, IPA: [lɐˈʂarʲɪk]), is a Russian deep-diving nuclear powered submarine. Weir, Gary E. and Boyne, Walter J. [14] A subsequent investigation concluded that high-test peroxide (HTP), a form of highly concentrated hydrogen peroxide used as propellant for the torpedo, seeped through a faulty weld in the torpedo casing. [2] [32], Vice-Admiral Valery Ryazantsev differed with the government's official conclusion. Ryazantsev believed that due to their inexperience and lack of training, compounded by incomplete inspections and oversight, and because Kursk ' s crew followed faulty instructions when loading the practice torpedo, they set off a chain of events that led to the explosion. Naval vessel to be named for the city of Toledo, Ohio.The contract to build her was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company in Newport News, Virginia, on 10 June 1988, and her keel was laid down on 6 May 1991. On 1 July 2019, a fire broke out on the vessel while it was taking underwater measurements of the sea floor in Russian territorial waters. The crew had recently won a citation for its excellent performance and been recognized as the best submarine crew in the Northern Fleet. The senior officers had individual staterooms and the entire crew had access to a gymnasium. [13] The Russian Navy's final report on the disaster concluded the explosion was due to the failure of one of Kursk's hydrogen peroxide-fueled Type 65 torpedoes. Qui ci sono gli elenchi degli effettivi che adesso si trovano nella nona sezione e tenteranno di uscire. SRV-300 sostituisce MSM-1S / USEL: costruito da Cantieri Navali Breda (Venezia), lanciato l'11 novembre 1978, dislocamento di 13,2 t, e utilizzato nello stesso ruolo: era in grado di ospitare 10 persone nel vano di soccorso. Il 19 agosto la nave Normand Pioneer con il batiscafo LR5 giunse sul luogo dell'incidente. Nessuno di noi può uscire.». Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 9 gen 2021 alle 10:55. Il K-19 era un sottomarino nucleare sovietico di classe Hotel. Atomnaya Podvodnaya Lodka "Kursk" (APL "Kursk"), meaning "Nuclear-powered submarine Kursk") was an Oscar II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine of the Russian Navy. Sviatov, George. During the construction of K-141, the Soviet Union collapsed; work continued, and she became one of the first naval vessels completed after the collapse. Il sottomarino entrato in servizio nel 1995 presso la base di Severomorsk, era in grado di trasportare e lanciare missili a testata nucleare. … Visualizza altre idee su sottomarino nucleare, sottomarino, sottomarini. Il suo dislocamento era di 10 700 tonnellate in superficie e 13 500 tonnellate in immersione, l'equipaggio tipico era composto da 52 ufficiali e 55 marinai, per un totale di 107 persone. Il K-141 Kursk, nome completo in russo: Атомная подводная лодка «ÐšÑƒÑ€ÑÐº»?, era un sottomarino a propulsione nucleare della Flotta del … In 1993 K-141 was named Kursk after the Battle of Kursk[1] in the 50 years anniversary of this battle. A second explosion 135 seconds after the initial event was equivalent to 3-7 tons of TNT. [3]:22–23 It was built to defeat an entire United States aircraft carrier group. Il K-141 Kursk, Атомная подводная лодка «ÐšÑƒÑ€ÑÐº», era un sottomarino a propulsione nucleare della Flotta del Nord appartenente alla classe Oscar I/II. He waited for five days before he ended his holiday at a presidential resort in Sochi on the Black Sea. Il sottomarino è un mezzo navale progettato per operare principalmente in immersione e questa caratteristica lo distingue dal sommergibile di cui costituisce un'evoluzione. K-141 Kursk (Russian: Атомная Подводная Лодка «ÐšÑƒÑ€ÑÐº» (АПЛ «ÐšÑƒÑ€ÑÐº»), transl. Kursk carried a potassium superoxide cartridge of a chemical oxygen generator; these are used to absorb carbon dioxide and chemically release oxygen during an emergency. [20] A year later he said, "I probably should have returned to Moscow, but nothing would have changed. On 12 August 2000, K-141 Kursk was lost when it sank in the Barents Sea, killing all 118 personnel on board. It included 30 ships including the fleet's flagship Pyotr Velikiy ("Peter the Great"), four attack submarines,[2] and a flotilla of smaller ships. These practice torpedoes had no explosive warheads and were manufactured and tested at a much lower quality standard. Il Toledo avrebbe urtato il sottomarino russo, senza tuttavia causargli gravi danni. Dopo il consenso da parte della Russia ad accettare aiuti, lo stesso giorno salparono dal porto di Trondheim i battelli norvegesi di salvataggio Normand Pioneer e Seaway Eagle[5] con sommozzatori inglesi e norvegesi. All of the 36 men in the command post located in the second compartment were immediately incapacitated by the blast wave and possibly killed. Ciò avrebbe creato una reazione a catena innescando le cariche dei siluri del Kursk. radar: Snoop Pair o Snoop Half (ricerca di superficie), antenna per l'intercettazione Rim Hat; Falsi bersagli e (probabili) contromisure elettroniche. Il sottomarino, entrato in servizio nel 1995 presso la base di Severomorsk, era in grado di trasportare e lanciare missili a testata nucleare. K-141 was inherited by Russia and launched in 1994, before being commissioned by the Russian Navy on December 30, as part of the Russian Northern Fleet.[2]. Kursk was assigned to the home port of Vidyayevo, Murmansk Oblast. However, the cartridge became contaminated with sea water and the resulting chemical reaction caused a flash fire which consumed the available oxygen. Il 12 agosto 2000 il sottomarino nucleare era impegnato nel Mare di Barents in un'esercitazione militare navale nella quale avrebbe dovuto lanciare dei siluri da esercitazione (senza carica esplosiva) contro l'incrociatore nucleare, classe Kirov, Pjotr Velikij (in russo: Пётр Великий?, Pietro il Grande). Il K-141 Kursk, nome completo in russo: Атомная подводная лодка «ÐšÑƒÑ€ÑÐº»?, era un sottomarino a propulsione nucleare della Flotta del Nord appartenente alla classe Oscar I/II.Il sottomarino, entrato in servizio nel 1995 presso la base di Severomorsk, era in grado di … It was one of the few ships authorized to carry a combat load at all times. Inoltre il Toledo non sarebbe stato danneggiato e uno scontro con un mezzo delle dimensioni del Kursk avrebbe creato pochi danni all'unità russa e avrebbe quasi distrutto quella statunitense[17]. During salvage operations in 2001, the team first cut the bow off the hull using a tungsten carbide-studded cable. The pressure produced by the expanding HTP ruptured the kerosene fuel tank in the torpedo and set off an explosion equal to 100–250 kilograms (220–550 lb) of TNT. [26][27] The blast entered the second and perhaps the third and fourth compartments through an air conditioning vent. Many of its submarines were anchored and rusting in Zapadnaya Litsa Naval Base, 100 km (62 mi) from Murmansk. Si susseguirono alcuni tentativi di salvataggio russi: inizialmente venne usata una capsula di salvataggio Pritz e successivamente una capsula Bester più grande[3], ma i tentativi, quattro in tutto, fallirono a causa delle condizioni meteorologiche avverse. The Antey design represented the highest achievement of Soviet nuclear submarine technology. "Kursk Inner Hull Breached." Secondo un'altra teoria, illustrata da un documentario franco-canadese del 2004 intitolato Kursk: A submarine in Troubled Waters, ripreso in Italia dal programma La storia siamo noi, diretto da Giovanni Minoli, il Memphis avrebbe dovuto osservare la situazione da distante, mentre il Toledo avrebbe invece avuto ordini di pedinare il Kursk. For the Kansas state highway, see, Атомная Подводная Лодка «Курск» (АПЛ «Курск»). They modified the barge Giant 4 which raised Kursk and recovered the remains of the sailors.[23]. [2], During her five years of service, Kursk completed only one mission, a six-month deployment to the Mediterranean Sea during the summer of 1999 to monitor the United States Sixth Fleet responding to the Kosovo crisis. 16:16 from the album "Sundown on Humanity". Prima del suo naufragio era uno dei più moderni sottomarini in dotazione alla Voenno-morskoj flot. Ultimately, the remaining crew burned to death or suffocated. Essi si spostarono nel compartimento nove, attendendo i soccorsi ma perirono prima che i soccorsi arrivassero. (2003), "Icy blackness (Kursk)", a heavy metal song by Armageddon Rev. [8] Little work to maintain all but the most essential front-line equipment, including search and rescue equipment, had occurred. Il 12 agosto del 2000 il sottomarino russo K-141 Kursk affondò nel mare di Barents, a nord della Russia, a causa di due esplosioni durante un’esercitazione militare. I gruppi di soccorso riuscirono ad aprire il portellone posteriore, trovando i compartimenti interni allagati. [11] While it was on an exercise, Kursk loaded a full complement of combat weapons. [2], Kursk was part of Russia's Northern Fleet, which had suffered funding cutbacks throughout the 1990s. The sail superstructure was reinforced to allow it to break through the Arctic ice. Un sottomarino può essere impiegato per scopi militari . Alle 11:28 locali (07:28 UTC) furono lanciati dei siluri di prova, ma subito dopo vi fu un'esplosione, presumibilmente di uno dei siluri del Kursk, all'interno o nei pressi del sottomarino. Inizialmente fu ipotizzato che il Kursk avesse avuto una collisione con un qualche vascello non russo, non identificato. Il suo dislocamento era di 10700 tonnellate in superficie e 13500 tonnellate in immersione, con un… [9]:215 This was due to a lack of funds for fuel. The Russian Admiralty initially told the public that the majority of the crew died within minutes of the explosion, but on 21 August, Norwegian and Russian divers found 24 bodies in the ninth compartment, the turbine room at the stern of the boat. Il K-141 Kursk, nome completo in russo: Атомная подводная лодка «Курск»?, era un sottomarino a propulsione nucleare della Flotta del Nord appartenente alla classe Oscar I/II. Kursk ' s crew had no prior experience with and had not been trained in handling or firing HTP-powered torpedoes. [19] The President's response appeared callous and the government's actions looked incompetent. [3][34], "K-141" redirects here. A single Type 65 torpedo carried a 450 kg (990 lb) warhead powerful enough to sink an aircraft carrier. N. A. Captain-lieutenant Dmitri Kolesnikov wrote a note listing the names of 23 sailors who were alive in the compartment after the ship sank. Tutto il personale dai compartimenti sei, sette e otto è stato spostato nel nono. L'incidente si rivelò fatale per la maggior parte dell'equipaggio, e solo 23 persone non perirono immediatamente. The 7th Division, 1st Submarine Flotilla never inspected Kursk's crew's qualifications and readiness to fire HTP torpedoes. The remains of Kursk's reactor compartment were towed to Sayda Bay on Russia's northern Kola Peninsula, where more than 50 reactor compartments were afloat at pier points, after a shipyard had removed all the fuel from the boat in early 2003.[24]. Fu il primo sottomarino nucleare sovietico equipaggiato con missili nucleari balistici. Il K-141 Kursk, nome completo, era un sottomarino a propulsione nucleare della Flotta del Nord appartenente alla classe Oscar I/II. Il loro tentativo consistette nell'utilizzo del minisommergibile britannico LR5[6][7], giunto appositamente via aereo per unirsi alla spedizione di salvataggio[8]. Due to their inexperience and lack of training, compounded by incomplete inspections and oversight, and because the Kursk's crew followed faulty instructions when loading the practice torpedo, Ryazantsev believes they set off a chain of events that led to the explosion. K-141 Kursk was a Project 949A class Antey (Russian: Aнтей, meaning Antaeus) submarine of the Oscar class, known as the Oscar II by its NATO reporting name, and was the penultimate submarine of the Oscar II class designed and approved in the Soviet Union. As a result, many of her crew had spent little time at sea and were inexperienced.[3]. A quanto pare non ci sono possibilità di salvarsi. USS Toledo (SSN-769), is a United States Navy, Los Angeles-class nuclear-powered attack submarine and the third U.S. Qui siamo in 23. [4] Both missiles and torpedoes could be equipped with nuclear warheads. Construction began in 1990 at the Soviet Navy military shipyards in Severodvinsk, near Arkhangelsk, in the northern Russian SFSR. [5] The torpedo tubes could be used to launch either torpedoes or anti-ship missiles with a range of 50 km (31 mi). They were designed to swarm enemy vessels and intelligently choose individual targets which terminated with a dive onto the target. Submarines destroyed by hot-running torpedoes: This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 21:43. Il Toledo, danneggiato, avrebbe tentato di allontanarsi, aiutato dal Memphis. voci di sottomarini presenti su Wikipedia, Project 1855 Priz Deep-Diving Rescue Vehicle, Kurks, l'ultima speranza è il batiscafo inglese, Britain rushes rescue craft to aid Russian sub, No survivors found on Russian sub; rescue called off, Russians Point To a Collision In Sub Sinking, Russia's Suspicion of Foreign Sub a Reminder of Cold War Chases, Russian Official Says Evidence Points to Collision With the Sub, Ipotesi-choc sul Kursk: colpito da siluro Usa, U.S. Spy Sub Said to Record Torpedo Blast Aboard Kursk, Documentario - Affondamento e recupero del sottomarino russo Kursk - YouTube, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=K-141_Kursk&oldid=117855556, Voci con campo Ref vuoto nel template Infobox nave, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, 2 reattori nucleari OK-650b, 2 turbine a vapore, 32 nodi (59 km/h) sommerso, 16 nodi (30 km/h) emerso. On the first day of the exercise, Kursk successfully launched a Granit missile armed with a dummy warhead. Il K-141 Kursk, nome completo, era un sottomarino a propulsione nucleare della Flotta del Nord appartenente alla classe Oscar I/II. La sfortunata serie di incidenti a cui fu soggetto ispirarono il film K-19 - The Widowmaker (2002). [29] The heat caused the warheads of between five and seven additional torpedoes to detonate, creating an explosion equivalent to 2–3 tons of TNT[30] that measured 4.2 on the Richter magnitude scale on seismographs across Europe[31] and was detected as far away as Alaska. [17] All 118 sailors and officers aboard Kursk died. Most of the bow was abandoned and the rest of the vessel was towed to Severomorsk and placed in a floating dry dock for analysis. Australian, The (n.d.): Newspaper Source Plus. Molti aspetti dell'incidente del Kursk e dei tentativi di salvataggio furono costellati di polemiche e controversie, con molte notizie contraddittorie.